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10 Essential Things to Do in the Garden this Autumn

10 Essential Things to Do in the Garden this Autumn

Autumn is a beautiful season that brings with it a riot of colours, cooler temperatures, and the promise of harvest. It's also a crucial time for gardeners, as several essential tasks must be done to prepare your garden for the winter ahead and ensure a bountiful spring.

This blog post will explore ten essential things to do in the garden this autumn, helping you make the most of this transitional season and setting the stage for a thriving garden in the coming year.

Clean Up and Declutter

As the leaves start to fall, keeping your garden tidy is essential. Rake up fallen leaves regularly to prevent them from smothering your lawn and plants. Decomposing leaves can create a breeding ground for pests and diseases.

Remove any spent annuals and clear out dead or diseased plant material. This tidying up not only enhances the aesthetic appeal of your garden but also reduces the risk of overwintering pests and diseases.

Divide and Transplant

Autumn is the perfect time to divide and transplant perennials that have grown too large or need a rejuvenation. Lift the plant, divide the root ball into smaller sections, and replant them in well-prepared soil. This process helps maintain the health and vitality of your perennials while also allowing you to expand your garden or share plants with friends and neighbours.

Plant Spring-Blooming Bulbs

Want to enjoy a burst of colour in your garden early next spring? Autumn is the time to plant spring-blooming bulbs like tulips, daffodils, crocuses, and hyacinths. Choose a sunny or partially shaded spot with well-draining soil, and follow the planting instructions for each bulb type. By planting them in the fall, you'll be rewarded with a beautiful display of flowers when spring arrives.

Mulch Your Garden Beds

Applying mulch to your garden beds in the fall offers numerous benefits. It helps conserve soil moisture, suppresses weeds, and regulates soil temperature, protecting your plants from extreme cold or heat. Organic mulches like shredded leaves, straw, or compost provide these benefits and break down over time, enriching the soil with valuable nutrients.

Fertilise and Amend Soil


Autumn is an ideal time to assess your soil's health and make any necessary amendments. Conduct a soil test to determine its nutrient levels and pH. Based on the results, add organic matter like compost or well-rotted manure to improve soil structure and fertility. This ensures that your plants have the nutrients they need for healthy growth in the coming seasons.

Prune and Trim

Pruning and trimming are essential tasks in the autumn garden. Remove dead or diseased branches from trees and shrubs to prevent the spread of pests and diseases. Shape and thin out overgrown trees and shrubs to improve air circulation and reduce the risk of winter damage. Be sure to research the specific requirements of each plant, as some are best pruned in the fall, while others should wait until late winter or early spring.

Protect Your Garden from Frost

As temperatures drop, protecting your more delicate plants from frost is crucial. Cover them with frost cloth or burlap on cold nights to retain warmth and prevent damage. Additionally, consider moving potted plants indoors or to a sheltered location. Frost can be particularly damaging to tender perennials, so taking these precautions can extend their lifespan.

Harvest and Store

Autumn is the season of abundance, so make the most of your harvest. Gather fruits and vegetables at their peak ripeness and store them appropriately. Apples, pears, and root vegetables can be stored in a cool, dark place for an extended period.

Preserve surplus produce by canning, freezing, or making jams and sauces. This reduces food waste and provides delicious homegrown options throughout the winter.

Prepare Your Lawn

Don't forget about your lawn in your autumn garden preparations. Give it some attention by aerating the soil to improve root health and alleviate compaction. Seeding bare or thin patches and applying a balanced lawn fertiliser will help your grass grow stronger and more resilient.

Keep mowing your lawn until it stops growing, gradually lowering the mower height for the last few cuts of the season.

Plan for Spring

While autumn is a time to focus on immediate garden tasks, it's also an excellent opportunity to plan for the future. Consider what changes or additions you want to make to your garden next spring and summer.

Research new plant varieties, layout designs, or landscaping projects.  By preparing in advance, you can hit the ground running when the next growing season arrives.


Autumn is a magical time in the garden, filled with the promise of renewal and the opportunity to prepare for the challenges of winter. Following these ten essential tasks ensures that your garden thrives during autumn and sets the stage for a successful and bountiful garden in the coming year.

Whether you're cleaning up, dividing perennials, planting bulbs, or protecting against frost, each task plays a crucial role in maintaining the health and beauty of your garden. Embrace the changing seasons, and enjoy your efforts' rewards when spring blossoms again.
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